Maria da Graça Carvalho is currently member of the Unit “Scientific Advice Mechanism” of the Directorate-General Research and Innovation of the European Commission. She was a senior advisor of Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation from November 2014 to December 2015. She was a member of the European Parliament since July 2009 to May 2014. In the capacity she was one of the rapporteurs of Horizon 2020. She has been Principal Adviser of President of the European Commission from April 2005 to July 2009 from 2006 to 2009. She has been Minister of Science and Higher Education of the XV Constitutional Government of Portugal and Minister of Science, Innovation and Higher Education of the XVI Constitutional Government. She is a Full Professor at Instituto Superior Técnico (University of Lisbon). She is a member of 22 national and international scientific associations and fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), of the World Academy of Art and Science (WAAS), of the Portuguese Institute of Engineers, of the Portuguese Academy of Science, of the Royal Academy of Engineers of Spain and a founder of the Portuguese Academy of Engineers. She is an Honorary Member of Academy Europaea.